1. Privacy Concerns

The major problem with Cloud computing is how it statements the privacy concerns of businesses planning and security in order to embrace it. The fact that the treasured enterprise data will be stored somewhere in the cloud increases thoughtful security, privacy and trust concerns. Various attacks and hacking methods for Cloud structure can impact on many clients decision on embracing cloud technology. Based on interviews, privacy is main obstacle for adopting cloud computing technology . Similar outcomes was ranking as a first concern for adopting the cloud computing in India public sectors in previous study[4]


  1. Security issue

Security is the main militating obstacle against the effective deployment and provision of cloud computing services for individuals and organisations. Users of cloud services do not fully control the infrastructure provided which may raise some concerns, such as security breaches and violations or attacks from hackers

  1. Risk

Implementation of the wrong server infrastructure may endanger security such as web or applications that the company has become easily hacked by cyber attacks. The use of cloud also opens up a potential hazard to the consumer or corporate web user because of hacking of data by cyber action[3]. However, security strategies can be enhanced with data encryption and backing up data on other server services located in different countries. This risk aspect has been widely described in other studies. [25] one of the main risks in using cloud services is dependence on the internet. Internet-connected services are not secure, and sometimes ICT teams have to get into trouble with fingerprints and loud security attacks. While [18] explains, if there is interference in internet connection or intermittent connection, users will not be able to access data in the cloud. Service interruptions may occur during transactions, file transfers, or other tasks, and consequently, tasks may be delayed [26].

  1. The need for ICT specialists

SMEs mention when the main society using cloud computing is the presence of human resources who have sufficient information and communication technology knowledge. This is especially true for the use of PaaS and IaaS services that are considered to be quite complex. Errors in using cloud can cause potential losses for the company, and on the other hand also the consumer, so it could have a negative impact on business continuity[3].

  1. Loss of control

The cloud computing facility is entirely under the management, management, and control of these technology service providers. This results in a lack of SME enterprise control over the cloud server. Based on the results of the study, the management admitted to having experienced server service problems due to maintenance period that hampered business operations. The company also can not do anything if at any time the server service down for some reason. So the strategy is to use multiple servers at once that are coordinated for SMEs business needs to keep running 24 hours in 7 days. On the other hand, SMEs also sometimes complain of a “lock-in” system. [17] explain, moving from one provider to another provider is at least problematic, interoperability between different providers is not even possible in many cases. This so-called “lock-in effect” looks very critical by a number of SMEs. However, from the wcloudcara of SMEs, this system is increasingly considered the trend is declining as more and more service offerings that free users.[3] lock-in cost makes a Cloud consumer dependent on a specific Cloud provider for particular services and resources which in turn prevents the consumer from using other Cloud services provided by other providers without substantial switching costs. Lock-in costs create barriers to the Cloud market which may result in increased services’ prices.

  1. Continuing change

In the information and communication technology industry everything becomes rapidly changing over time, including the condition of service upgrades to the glory of service providers. Management states, it is not impossible if a cloud service provider someday meet bankruptcy or tripped over legal issues. SME management states continue to monitor the current state of the information and communication technology industry to anticipate changes that occur. It is important to make the best planning for the company and minimize the negative impact on the SME business [3].

  1. Challenge of migration issue

The issue of migration for SMEs encompasses a number of issues, such as the difference in workings from the use of prior technology to new services. There are also labor issues that will be pruned because the cloud allows operational automation, so it is efficient from a technical point of view. Another challenge to move data is very large because the company has a large number of consumers, it is feared the migration process can disrupt the company’s operations. Other studies also address issues on migration issues such as proper cloud vendor identification, effective cloud resource management, and the transition of ICT hardware and investment into new services [28].[3].

  1. The importance of internet connection needs

The use of cloud encourages dependence on the Internet because it must have a network to access it. SMEs assess, relying on internet for cloud computing access in developing countries likeIndia is still a constraint.

  1. Investor unawareness of cloud computing

Weak of having basic knowledge about cloud computing ledIndian investor to avoid using cloud computing. Based on conducted interview, we found that Indian investors for small enterprise don’t rely on cloud computing technology.


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