Disease Research Paper

ASSIGNMENT:

Choose a disease or other condition affecting the systems being studied. Research the disease using the library, the internet and/or the textbooks available in class. Use the guidelines below to direct your research and paper.

RESEARCH:

Diseases are homeostatic imbalancesThe focus of your research should be on the anatomy and physiology of the disease!!This means you should describe the anatomy (structure) and physiology (function) of a normal, healthy individual and then compare it to a person who is afflicted with the disease (how is homeostasis out of balance?). Use (and explain) as many terms and concepts learned in class as possible! The A & P is the most important part of your research and should be woven into all parts of your paper and presentation!

Your paper and presentation must also address the following topics, and these can be presented in paragraph form in the following order: (Indicate the sections in bolded form on your paper)

· Introduction – Introduce the disease with a general description of what it is and include Statistics that describe how common the disease/disorder is. Also include information if it occurs more commonly in certain populations, for example, women or Asian-Americans.

· Cause – Possibilities include inflammation, infection, abnormal cell growth, heredity, malnutrition, environmental factors, or stress. Explain how the cause (if known) of the disease/disorder produces the signs and symptoms. Be as specific as possible. In some cases, the disease may be idiopathic (no known cause). Also discuss prevention if the disease can be prevented, explain how. If not, explain why it can’t be prevented (your reason will probably refer back to the cause of the disease).

· Diagnosis – List procedures that can be used to determine if a person has the disease. Procedures may include laboratory tests, diagnostic imaging techniques (such as MRI), biopsy, physical examination, asking the patient questions about their symptoms, family history, and others. Provide an explanation of each procedure, specifically describing what signs the doctor is looking for. Always try to connect the diagnoses to the cause and/or symptoms of the disease.

· Treatment Options– List all treatments that can be used to help the patient. Treatments may include medication, lifestyle changes, surgery, physical therapy, and others. You must provide a brief explanation of each type of treatment, specifically describing what signs or symptoms the treatment is designed to alleviate. Be as specific as possible. Prognosis: describe the typical outcome of the disease. Include the chances for complete recovery, if there is any permanent loss of function, or possibility of death.

· Conclusion- In your own words, explain your reaction to the information you learned from your research. Do NOT just restate your discussion or facts from the paper. Your conclusion should be personal, based on what you learned while researching this paper.

PAPER:

Your paper should be a minimum of four complete pages in length (not including the title page or REFERENCES), but you are encouraged to do more than the minimum. Paper should be typed in a standard 12 font size, have standard margins (1”), 2.0-double line spacing and follow all standards for written English (spelling, grammar, etc.). You have to organize your paper in the manner described above and using APA Style format, and make sure it includes all required information. You will not need to include an “Abstract” for this paper.

You must use at least FOUR sources in your research. You must include a References page at the end of your paper, listing each reference used according to the APA format as described below. Make sure to include scientific journals, and books as your primary resources. Using mostly websites like webmd.com or similar will result in point deduction. Wikipedia is also not a reliable source and should not be used as one of your reference!! Wikipedia is maintained by users and not by a verified source. Instead you can use Wikipedia as guide to other sources. If all your sources are webpages, you will receive a total of 5 point deduction.

Plagiarism is unacceptable. If you do not write your paper in your own words, you will receive a zero for the assignment and a meeting with the administration will be arranged.

Include a Title page that includes your paper title, your name, course and section number, South Texas College, Semester and Year

Use this webpage as a reference for the APA style: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

Formatting REFERENCES:

APA Reference List Examples

Book with Single Author:

Gore, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what

we can do about it. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.

In-text reference: (Gore, 2006)

Book with Two Authors:

Michaels, P. J., & Balling, R. C., Jr. (2000). The satanic gases: Clearing the air about global

warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.

In-text reference: (Michaels & Balling, 2000)

Book with Editor as Author:

Galley. K. E. (Ed.). (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in North America. Bethesda,

MD: Wildlife Society.

In-text reference: (Galley, 2004)

Brochure or Pamphlet:

New York State Department of Health. (2002). After a sexual assault. [Brochure]. Albany, NY:

Author.

In-text reference: (New York, 2002)

An Anonymous Book:

Environmental resource handbook. (2001). Millerton, NY: Grey House.

In-text reference: (Environmental Resource Handbook, 2001)

Articles in Reference Books (unsigned and signed):

Greenhouse effect. (2005). American heritage science dictionary. Boston, MA: Houghton

Mifflin.

Schneider, S. H. (2000). Greenhouse effect. World book encyclopedia (Millennium ed.

Vol. 8, pp. 382-383). Chicago, IL: World Book.

In-text references: (Greenhouse effect, 2005)

(Schneider, 2000)

Magazine Articles:

Allen, L. (2004, August). Will Tuvalu disappear beneath the sea? Global warming threatens to

swamp a small island nation. Smithsonian, 35(5), 44-52.

Begley, S., & Murr, A. (2007, July 2). Which of these is not causing global warming? A. Sport

utility vehicles; B. Rice fields; C. Increased solar output. Newsweek, 150(2), 48-50.

In-text references: (Allen, 2004) (Begley, 2007)

Newspaper Articles (unsigned and signed):

College officials agree to cut greenhouse gases. (2007, June 13). Albany Times Union, p. A4.

Landler, M. (2007, June 2). Bush’s Greenhouse Gas Plan Throws Europe Off Guard.

New York Times, p. A7.

In-text references: (“College Officials”, 2007)

(Landler, 2007)

Journal Article with Continuous Paging:

Miller-Rushing, A. J., Primack, R. B., Primack, D., & Mukunda, S. (2006). Photographs

and herbarium specimens as tools to document phonological changes in response

to global warming. American Journal of Botany, 93, 1667-1674.

In-text reference: (Miller-Rushing, Primack, Primack, & Mukunda, 2006)

Journal Article when each issue begins with p.1:

Bogdonoff, S., & Rubin, J. (2007). The regional greenhouse gas initiative: Taking action in

Maine. Environment, 49(2), 9-16.

In-text reference: (Bogdonoff & Rubin, 2007)

Journal Article from a Library Subscription Service Database with a DOI (digital object identifier):

Mora, C., & Maya, M. F. (2006). Effect of the rate of temperature increase of the dynamic

method on the heat tolerance of fishes. Journal of Thermal Biology, 31, 337-341.

doi: 10.101b/jtherbio.2006.01.055

In-text reference: (Mora & Maya, 2006)

Website:

United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2007, May 4). Climate Change. Retrieved

From the Environmental Protection Agency website: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange

In-text reference: (United States Environmental, 2007)

Gelspan, R. (2007). The Heat Is Online. Lake Oswego, OR: Green House Network. Retrieved

from The Heat Is Online website: http://www.heatisonline.org

In-text reference: (Gelspan, 2007)

These are the MOST COMMON examples cited. For a complete list of examples please consult Publication manual of the American Psychological Association.

You may also use websites such as: www.citationmachine.net www.citefast.com www.easybib.com

GRADING:

There will be no excuses for late projects.

Your paper will be worth 40 points.

· 5 points for adequate and accurate discussion of anatomy and physiology throughout

· 5 points for Style, organization and formatting (follow APA style, includes all required sections, proper in text citations, minimum of 4 pages, and proper title page)

· 5 points for introduction and statistics

· 5 points for cause including proper signs, symptoms and prevention

· 5 points for the diagnosis

· 5 points for treatment options and prognosis

· 5 points for mechanics, grammar, English usage and format,

· 5 points for the References

Cervantes – A & P II –2402

 

 

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